If Your Height Is 5.8 What Should I Weight What You Need To Know About Diabetes

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What You Need To Know About Diabetes

introduce

Decades ago diabetes was a rare disease in both developed and developing countries, according to the World Health Organization. Today, things are different. It is currently estimated that more than 143 million people worldwide are affected by the disease. If current trends continue, more than 220 million people are expected to be living with diabetes by 2020, and the number is growing.

In the US alone, 18.2 million people (6.3% of the population) have diabetes. Another 13 million people are diagnosed with diabetes. Unfortunately, 5.2 million people (or nearly a third) don’t know they have the disease.

Figures for Nigeria are not readily available, but it is estimated that more than 1.5 million people in Nigeria suffer from diabetes.

In developed countries, most people with diabetes are over the age of sixty, but in developing countries, diabetes has been found to affect the prime of life.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes Mellitus (or simply Diabetes) is derived from the Greek word “Diabeinein,” meaning “to pass,” describing profuse urination, and Mellitus from the Latin word, meaning “sweetened with honey.” These two words refer to sweet urine or sugar in the urine.

Diabetes is a disease in which the body cannot produce or use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone needed in the body to control the rate at which sugar, starches, and other foods are converted into glucose for energy needed in daily life.hormone production and release

It enters the bloodstream through an organ called the “pancreas”. This insulin helps maintain blood sugar levels within a normal range.The World Health Organization (WHO) defines this normal range as

60 – 100mg/dl (before eating for the day, so this value is called fasting blood sugar). In terms of health, blood sugar seldom exceeds this value, although there are various demands on glucose in different situations.

After a meal, the liver stores the glucose from the meal as glycogen and releases it into the bloodstream between meals. The role of insulin is to control the storage and release of glucose. It ensures that the level of glucose in the blood does not go above or below the normal range at any given time.

type of diabetes.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are five recognized types of diabetes and they are: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or type I diabetes Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or type II diabetes Gestational diabetes Diabetes insipidus and bronze diabetes.

Insulin-dependent/Type I diabetes: This type of diabetes was originally called juvenile diabetes because it affects teenagers and young adults. It is caused by the sudden inability of the pancreas to produce insulin. As such, it is an acute condition manifested by thirst, polyuria (passing large amounts of urine), polyuria, and weight loss. Type 1 diabetes is uncommon, accounting for less than 10% of all diabetes cases.

Non-Insulin Dependent/Type II Diabetes: This is the most prevalent type of diabetes, accounting for more than 80% of all diabetes cases. It is found in adults and the elderly. This type of diabetes develops gradually (unnoticed) over a long period of time and is characterized by insufficient insulin, either insufficient insulin in the blood or the body’s inability to use insulin (insulin resistance). Because it occurs slowly and gradually, it mostly goes undetected until one or more long-term complications develop.

Unlike type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes may have normal or even high levels of insulin in their blood, but not as much as expected due to insulin resistance, which is common in obese people.

Gestational diabetes: This type of diabetes develops during pregnancy and goes away within 3 weeks after delivery. An estimated 3% of all pregnancies are accompanied by gestational diabetes, and almost half of these patients are prone to developing permanent diabetes later in life.

What causes diabetes.

As with hypertension and other noncommunicable diseases, there is no clear cause attributable to the most prevalent type of diabetes (type II diabetes, type I diabetes secondary to pancreatic failure). However, certain factors are known to increase your chances of developing diabetes, known as risk factors. For example, lazy and well-fed people are 2-20 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than active, lean people of the same ethnicity. Some other factors known to increase your chances of developing diabetes include:

Obesity: It is estimated that three quarters (¾) of all people with type 2 diabetes are obese. Laziness and affluent lifestyles often contribute to this. It is believed that losing 10kg of body weight can lower fasting blood sugar levels by almost 50md/dl. An active lifestyle with regular exercise is also known to increase insulin sensitivity.

International standards for measuring overweight and obesity are based on a value called body mass index (BMI). This value is calculated by dividing your weight (in kilograms) by the square of your height (in meters).

That is, BMI = body weight (Kg) / Height2 (Metres).

Note: 1 foot = 0.305 meters.

For adults, BMI less than 25kg/m2 is better.

25 – 29kg/m2 is considered overweight and more than 30kg/m2 is considered obese.

Family history: A family history of diabetes increases your chances of developing the disease. In this case, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and continuous monitoring of blood sugar levels become very important.

Age and race: Most people with type 2 diabetes are over 40 years of age at onset. However, for those with a family history of diabetes, obesity and possibly a sedentary lifestyle, the incidence of the disease increased proportionally with age. Additionally, diabetes was more prevalent among Africans, African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans. Belonging to either race is a risk factor in itself.

History of gestational diabetes: A woman also increases her chances/likelihood of developing permanent diabetes later in life.

You can prevent/delay diabetes!

Diabetes cannot be cured once it develops and needs to be controlled for life. But you can prevent being stuck in this lifelong misery forever. Diabetes in humans is almost always preceded by a condition called prediabetes. A condition in which blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Sadly, though, if you don’t monitor your blood sugar regularly, you have no way of knowing when you fall into this category.

Prediabetes is a serious condition in its own right, but it can still be reversed by changing dietary patterns and increasing physical activity. To determine a person’s blood sugar, a test called fasting blood sugar must be done. This test measures the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood before you eat a meal throughout the day. It is measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl).

It is generally believed that less than 100mg/dl is normal, and more than 100mg/dl but less than 120mg/dl is not complete diabetes, which belongs to pre-diabetes. An individual with pre-diabetic blood sugar levels needs to take urgent steps to lower his blood sugar or risk lifelong diabetes.

However, it should be emphasized that the ethnic and genetic factors that lead to diabetes are still beyond human understanding and control. Therefore, it is common sense to minimize all human controllable factors. Most of these factors were related to socio-occupational and dietary habits.

The following tips can help reduce your risk of diabetes:

* reduce weight. Obesity appears to be the most important factor leading to diabetes. Losing weight and fat and maintaining an average weight is very important. For this reason, a body mass index (BMI) of less than 25kg/m2 is recommended for men and less than 24kg/m2 for women.

* Increase physical activity. It is an established fact that diabetes is more common among people who lead a sedentary, affluent lifestyle. Simple dynamic exercises such as 30-50 minutes a day or brisk walking 3-5 times a week have been shown to be very helpful. Exercise can reduce weight and fat, strengthen your heart, reduce your chances of developing diabetes, and improve your mood and healthy life.

* Reduce or stop drinking. Studies have shown that consuming more than 2 units of alcohol per day can have adverse effects on the body. Alcohol is an addictive drug and it is difficult to maintain a certain amount of intake for a long time. Therefore, it is best to try to abstain from alcohol completely.

* Avoid smoking. Cigarette smoke has been shown to contain a variety of toxic substances. Smoking and alcohol consumption are associated with various diseases. Quitting smoking certainly reduces the incidence of several other diseases besides diabetes.

* Develop good eating habits such as;

* Reduce fatty and junk food

* Eat more fish and poultry (better without the skin).

* Garlic lowers blood pressure cholesterol; add it to your meal plan occasionally.

* Eat 3-4 eggs per week (boiled eggs are better than fried eggs).

* Reduce salt intake to less than 5.8 grams per day.

* Eat more vegetables and fiber-rich foods, especially fruits.

* Finally, constantly monitor your fasting blood sugar, as this is the only way to know when you are in trouble.

in conclusion

Diabetes and hypertension are so interrelated that a comprehensive care plan is required, which revolves around a person’s eating habits, social and environmental factors. Some lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, maintaining a moderate body weight, reducing fat intake, and eating a high-fiber diet, can help lead a normal, healthy life. These measures are known to improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood pressure.

All in all, it is important to develop more health-conscious individuals among the population. People actually believe that when a disease becomes more serious, it is better and cheaper to prevent it than to cure it. In addition, preventive care cannot be separated from regular physical examinations, because the two are complementary. Several non-communicable diseases cannot be detected without regular medical check-ups. The importance of these checks cannot be overemphasized.

stay healthy. Know your blood sugar levels and live a healthier life without the pain of diabetes.

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