What Is An Ideal Weight For A 5 2 Female What Are the Symptoms, Diagnostic Methods and Treatment Options for STDs?

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What Are the Symptoms, Diagnostic Methods and Treatment Options for STDs?

sexually transmitted disease

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or venereal diseases (VDs) occur due to the transfer of infectious organisms during sexual contact. STDs are caused by harmful bacteria, parasites, yeasts and viruses. Sometimes STDs occur due to the transfer of microorganisms from mother to baby during childbirth or during breastfeeding using unsterile drug needles and during blood transfusions.

Some specific types of STDs are:

Bacteria-related STDs

  • Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis)

  • Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)

  • Syphilis (Treponema pallidum)

  • Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi)

Virus-associated STDs

  • Crabs, aka Pubic Lice

  • Hepatitis B and D, rare, A*, C*, E* (hepatitis virus, type AE)

  • Genital herpes (herpes simplex virus)

  • Genital warts (human papillomavirus [HPV])

  • HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus [HIV virus])

  • Molluscum contagiosum* (poxvirus)

protozoan-associated venereal disease

  • Trichomoniasis (T. vaginalis)

parasite-associated venereal disease

  • Pubic lice or crabs (pubic lice)

fungal-associated venereal disease

  • Yeast infection (Candida albicans)

The genital area is usually moist and warm, making it an ideal environment for the growth of things like yeast, viruses, and bacteria.

Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

  • painful sores on the genitals

  • rash, fever, headache and cough, joint pain

  • recurring blister-like ulcers on the genitals

  • fatigue, night sweats, chills

  • sore throat, swollen lymph nodes

  • lose weight

  • diarrhea

  • strong vaginal odor

  • Vaginal itching or irritation and painful urination

  • Serious complications of AIDS, including abnormal infections or cancer, weight loss, mental decline (dementia), and death

During transmission, the chances of disease transfer depend on the donor and carrier carrying the infection. For example, in the case of herpes, the HSV 2 transmission probability is:

  • Herpes male vs non-herpes female = 10%

  • Herpes females vs non-herpes males = 4%.

Some STDs that cause AIDS, such as genital herpes and HIV, have no cure and can only be controlled with medication.

For the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases,

  • Antibiotics more commonly preferred in case of bacterial infection

  • For the virus, give antiviral drugs or antiretroviral therapy

diagnosis method

  • blood test: Blood tests help confirm the diagnosis of HIV and AIDS, and sometimes even the later stages of syphilis.
  • Urine sample: Sometimes, STDs can be confirmed with a urine sample.
  • Fluid sample: In cases of active genital ulcers, fluid and samples from the ulcer are collected for testing to diagnose the type of infection. In some cases, laboratory tests on samples of genital sores or discharge can be used to diagnose certain STIs (sexually transmitted infections).
  • Screening of pregnant women to avoid passing the infection to the baby

STD Treatment and Prevention

  • antibiotic: Antibiotics can cure many sexually transmitted bacterial and parasitic infections, including gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis. However, the infection may recur.
  • Antiviral drugs: Antiviral drugs reduce the risk of infection, but reinfection can still occur. Antiviral drugs can control HIV infection for many years, but the virus is still present and can still be transmitted, although the risk is lower.
  • The earlier the treatment, the better the results.

  • Health care professionals refer to safer sex practices to reduce the risk of STDs, such as using condoms during sexual activity. But safer sex practices don’t always provide complete protection from STIs.

  • Avoid contact when transferring and contacting body fluids, such as blood transfusion and other blood products, sharing injection needles, sharing tattoo needles, etc.

  • Abstinence, which is avoiding or ceasing any sexual activity with an affected person, is the most effective way to avoid STIs.

  • Monogamous with one uninfected partner: Being in a long-term monogamous relationship with one person reduces the risk of contracting an STI.

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